Home > Cloud, Microsoft, System Center, Virtualization > Shielded VM’s: Virtualization security is a major investment area in Hyper-V 2016

Shielded VM’s: Virtualization security is a major investment area in Hyper-V 2016

security_banner1SECURITY – Protecting the company data should be a priority.

 

Protecting a Virtual Machine(VM) guest from a possible host compromised as well as the certain that on a 3rd party hosting environment your VM will be protected in addition to the protection applied to the hosts is a major investment area in Hyper-V 2016.

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Taking into consideration that a VM is a file, stored somewhere on a storage on locally in the Hyper-v host, it needs to be protected from attacks to the storage system, the network, while it is backed up or taken or copied to other systems.

To help protect against compromised fabric, Windows Server 2016 Hyper-V introduces Shielded VMs. A Shielded VM, requires a VM to be created as generation 2, which has a virtual TPM, is encrypted using BitLocker and can only run on healthy and approved hosts in the fabric. So, if someone copy either maliciously or accidentally the VM to a non-approved host, the VM (which is encrypted), won’t start and cannot be used to be mounted to allow access to it’s file system.

Shielded VM’s use several features to make it harder for Host administrators and malware on the host to inspect, tamper with, or steal data from the state of a shielded virtual machine. Data and state is encrypted, Hyper-V administrators can’t see the video output and disks, and the virtual machines can be restricted to run only on known, healthy hosts, as determined by a Host Guardian Server.

A configured Shielded VM has:

  • BitLocker encrypted disks
  • A hardened VM worker process (VMWP) that helps prevent inspection and tampering
  •  Automatically encrypted live migration traffic as well as encryption of its runtime state file, saved state, checkpoints and even Hyper-V Replica files (from 2016 TP5)
  • Blocked console access
  • Blocked  PowerShell Direct
  • Blocked Guest File Copy Integration Components
  • Blocked  services that provide possible paths from a user or process with administrative privileges to the VM.

 

 

 

With the release of Windows Server 2016 TP5, the Hyper-V team at Microsoft  made shielded virtual machines compatible with Hyper-V Replica. As with copying/moving the VM, to replicate a shielded VM, the host you want to replicate to must be authorized to run that shielded VM.

The Host Guardian Service supports two different deployments of a Guarded fabric (attestation modes): TPM-trusted attestation (Hardware based) and Admin-trusted attestation (AD based).

I hope you walk away with a better understanding of the Hyper-V Shielded VM solution from this post.

 

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